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Expressing an respect for the Empress. JAPAN. 1850-1890

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Expressing an respect for the Empress. JAPAN. 1850-1890

Lot 0681 Details

Description
Woodblock printing.

From the book with woodblock printing illustrations.

The woodbloch printing illustration made on very thin rice paper.

Made in Sumizuri-e (墨摺り絵?, "ink printed pictures)"—monochrome printing using only black ink technique.

Woodblock printing in Japan (Japanese: 木版画, moku hanga) is a technique best known for its use in the ukiyo-e artistic genre; however, it was also used very widely for printing books in the same period. Woodblock printing had been used in China for centuries to print books, long before the advent of movable type, but was only widely adopted in Japan surprisingly late, during the Edo period (1603-1867). Although similar to woodcut in western printmaking in some regards, the moku hanga technique differs in that it uses water-based inks—as opposed to western woodcut, which often uses oil-based inks. The Japanese water-based inks provide a wide range of vivid colors, glazes, and transparency.

History:

Woodblock-printed books from Chinese Buddhist temples were seen in Japan as early as the eighth century. In 764 the Empress Kōken commissioned one million small wooden pagodas, each containing a small woodblock scroll printed with a Buddhist text (Hyakumanto Darani). These were distributed to temples around the country as thanksgiving for the suppression of the Emi Rebellion of 764. These are the earliest examples of woodblock printing known, or documented, from Japan. By the eleventh century, Buddhist temples in Japan produced printed books of sutras, mandalas, and other Buddhist texts and images. For centuries, printing was mainly restricted to the Buddhist sphere, as it was too expensive for mass production, and did not have a receptive, literate public as a market. However, an important set of fans of the late Heian period (12th century)—which contain painted images and Buddhist sutras—reveal from losses of paint that the underdrawing for the paintings was printed from blocks. Not until 1590 was the first secular book printed in Japan. This was the Setsuyō-shū, a two-volume Chinese-Japanese dictionary. Though the Jesuits operated a movable type printing press in Nagasaki from 1590, printing equipment brought back by Toyotomi Hideyoshi's army from Korea in 1593 had far greater influence on the development of the medium. Four years later, Tokugawa Ieyasu, even before becoming shogun, effected the creation of the first native moveable type, using wooden type-pieces rather than metal. He oversaw the creation of 100,000 type-pieces, which were used to print a number of political and historical texts. As shogun, Ieyasu promoted literacy and learning, contributing to the emergence of an educated urban public.
Condition
Approx. image size 21, 1 x 15, 6/21, 8 x 17, 6 cm. Condition: medium.
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Expressing an respect for the Empress. JAPAN. 1850-1890

Estimate €5 - €7
May 27, 2016
Starting Price €3
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Ships fromVilnius, Lithuania
Pirmas Tau

Pirmas Tau

Vilnius, LT
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0681: Expressing an respect for the Empress. JAPAN. 1850-1890

Sold for €3
1 Bid
Est. €5 - €7Starting Price €3
Antique prints, engravings and maps XIV
Fri, May 27, 2016 12:00 PM
Buyer's Premium 0%

Lot 0681 Details

Description
...
Woodblock printing.

From the book with woodblock printing illustrations.

The woodbloch printing illustration made on very thin rice paper.

Made in Sumizuri-e (墨摺り絵?, "ink printed pictures)"—monochrome printing using only black ink technique.

Woodblock printing in Japan (Japanese: 木版画, moku hanga) is a technique best known for its use in the ukiyo-e artistic genre; however, it was also used very widely for printing books in the same period. Woodblock printing had been used in China for centuries to print books, long before the advent of movable type, but was only widely adopted in Japan surprisingly late, during the Edo period (1603-1867). Although similar to woodcut in western printmaking in some regards, the moku hanga technique differs in that it uses water-based inks—as opposed to western woodcut, which often uses oil-based inks. The Japanese water-based inks provide a wide range of vivid colors, glazes, and transparency.

History:

Woodblock-printed books from Chinese Buddhist temples were seen in Japan as early as the eighth century. In 764 the Empress Kōken commissioned one million small wooden pagodas, each containing a small woodblock scroll printed with a Buddhist text (Hyakumanto Darani). These were distributed to temples around the country as thanksgiving for the suppression of the Emi Rebellion of 764. These are the earliest examples of woodblock printing known, or documented, from Japan. By the eleventh century, Buddhist temples in Japan produced printed books of sutras, mandalas, and other Buddhist texts and images. For centuries, printing was mainly restricted to the Buddhist sphere, as it was too expensive for mass production, and did not have a receptive, literate public as a market. However, an important set of fans of the late Heian period (12th century)—which contain painted images and Buddhist sutras—reveal from losses of paint that the underdrawing for the paintings was printed from blocks. Not until 1590 was the first secular book printed in Japan. This was the Setsuyō-shū, a two-volume Chinese-Japanese dictionary. Though the Jesuits operated a movable type printing press in Nagasaki from 1590, printing equipment brought back by Toyotomi Hideyoshi's army from Korea in 1593 had far greater influence on the development of the medium. Four years later, Tokugawa Ieyasu, even before becoming shogun, effected the creation of the first native moveable type, using wooden type-pieces rather than metal. He oversaw the creation of 100,000 type-pieces, which were used to print a number of political and historical texts. As shogun, Ieyasu promoted literacy and learning, contributing to the emergence of an educated urban public.
Condition
...
Approx. image size 21, 1 x 15, 6/21, 8 x 17, 6 cm. Condition: medium.

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Pirmas Tau
0037068971098
Stikliu 6-8
Vilnius, LT-01131
Lithuania
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