1870-90s ENGLISH YELLOW WARE SPONGEWARE CREAMER MUG XC
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Lot 0255 Details
We are very pleased to offer this late Victorian era Yellow Ware pair of fine English Georgian pieces including a handsome 1890s Stick Spongeware milk pitcher, and an 1870s, hand Sponged "Chicken Wire" coffee mug. These beautiful items have the prime collectible blue over yellow combination, and are dated by the finished characteristics, including the random Hand Dab Sponging & divergent Stick Sponging of the final pattern. Please observe the bases, and the Hand Dabbed mug is obviously older with eccentric mold characteristics and deeper pressed colors. The milk pitcher is a much finer round base with virtually no anomalies and the random Stick Sponging often produced a somewhat lesser depth of color, as noted on this pitcher. The classic hand Sponging discipline was replaced the by Stick applied Sponging in the latter 1880s (see history below), and our example weighs 5#. xxxxxxxxxxxxx. Spongeware is a specific decorating discipline that although can be found as early as 1820, according to some historians, officially originated in Scotland ca. 1835. The technique was amenable to early earthen wares, but would also later apply to Ironstone, and English semi porcelain, which fostered a century long love affair with the finished products. Manufactured In the numerous factories of early Industrial-era England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales the art form was well received whenever it was discovered. The term Spongeware was strictly Scottish / English in lineage, while the term Spatterware became first associated with, and then supplanted the Spongeware reference in America. This information is taken from the classic reference by Henry Kelly and Arnold and Dorothy Kowalsky, Spongeware 1835-1935. Spongeware or Spatterware was first recorded in Scotland ca. 1835, as potteries in Glasgow began producing utilitarian ware for the frugal Northern British Isles clientele. The pieces were highly successful, and soon production began in Staffordshire, England, and to other countries in Europe and eventually the U.S.A. Although the pieces were rarely marked, most of the lines were produced for export to America, and was highly sought after in the Eastern German & Pennsylvania Dutch communities. Spongeware was decorated using one or a combination of four methods:1) Hand painting or brushstroke finish decoration was done by semi-skilled artisans. 2) Spattering was the application of color by blowing a powder onto the body using a pipe. This was expensive and required skill. 3) Consequently, the procedure was altered and achieved the same essential look by Dabbing on the color with an ordinary sponge. 4) Stick Spatter or Sponge Printing was more assembly line in nature than the three previous disciplines, being quicker, and involving stamping a pattern using a piece of cut sponge on a stick. The most common colors were blue, red and green, with yellow being very Rare. In Scotland purple and brown became exceptionally popular, and shortly thereafter, pink and black were introduced.The English & Scottish Spongeware from the early to mid-Victorian period ca. 1835 to 1870, are the most valuable, and sought after of all examples. Some (not all) of the fine potters marketing Spongeware from this period are as follows: Scotland; Scot Methvens Links Pottery, Llanelly Pottery, Bells Pottery, Bo Ness Pottery, Auld Heather Ware Scotland – the Links Pottery at Kirkcaldy // England; C.T. Mailing, Wm. Adams, George Jones, Baker & Co., Elsmore & Foster, Edge Malkin & Co., Allertons, J.G. Meakin, Clementson Bros, and Davenport. *** Total Weight: 1.5# - Pitcher measurements:5 x 4 x 5.25".
VG condition, minor lines, chipping
- 13% up to $100
- 13% up to $10,000
- 13% above $10,000